University in China


University in China can be divided into general university, technical university, specialized university such as medical, foreign language and teacher-training university. Here we provide the Chinese university ranking for international students who want to learn more about university in China. University in China has accepted and trained international students for years. On March 2017, Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China announced a total of 442,773 international students were studying in China in 2016.

The university ranking is published by Chinese University Alumni Association, which is a domestic university ranking in China, conducted independently of the government. Its ranking methodology includes the following criteria: 1) Government recognition; 2) Research; 3) Faculty; 4) Program; 5) Student; 6) Reputation.

Nowadays, foreign students are studying in universities in China not only for Chinese language, but also for undergraduate, postgraduate and PhD programs. Learning Chinese language is an inevitable step when you apply to any national universities in China. Different academic departments have their own Chinese language requirements. Departments such as engineering and computer sciences have a lower Chinese language requirement compare to management and law.

Chinese universities dominate the Times Higher Education BRICS and Emerging Economies University Rankings 2017, taking 6 of the top 10 places, with Peking University coming top and Tsinghua University second. BRICS is the acronym for Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. It is the fourth year running that Peking University and Tsinghua University have taken the two top spots. Fudan University climbed 11 places to reach sixth place this year. China has 52 universities out of 300, or more than one in six places, in the ranking overall, the highest density of leading universities in the developing world. Forty-four of these make the top 200, five more than last year.

2017 China University Ranking
Rank Name of University
1 Peking University
2 Tsinghua University
3 Wuhan University
4 Fudan University
5 Zhejiang University
6 Shanghai Jiao Tong University
7 Nanjing University
8 Renmin University of China
9 Jilin University
10 Huazhong University of Science and Technology
11 Sichuan University
12 Sun Yat-sen University
13 Nankai University
14 Tianjin University
15 University of Science and Technology of China
16 Xian Jiao Tong University
17 Central South University
18 Harbin Institute of Technology
19 Beijing Normal University
20 Shandong University
21 Xiamen University
22 Southeast University
23 Beihang University
24 Tongji University
25 Northeastern University
26 Dalian Universtiy of Technology
27 South China University of Technology
28 East China Normal University
29 University of Electronic Science and Technology of China
30 Hunan University

(Source: Chinese University Alumni Association (2017))

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China education is the largest education system in the world. On June 2017, there were 9.4 million students taking the National Higher Education Entrance Examination (Gao Kao) in China. Investment in education accounts for about 4% of total GDP in China. In 1986, the Chinese government passed a compulsory education law, making nine years of education mandatory for all Chinese children. Today, the Ministry of Education estimates that above 99 percent of the school-age children have received universal nine-year basic education.

On March 2017, Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China announced a total of 442,773 international students were studying in China in 2016. International students have enrolled in over 829 higher education institutions in China. China has a long history of providing education to international students studying in high schools and universities in China. Over the past few years, the number of international students who study abroad in China has significantly increased every year.

The higher education sector has growth as well. China has increased the proportion of its college-age population in higher education to over 20 percent now from 1.4 percent in 1978. At the same time, China is improving the quality of education through a major effort at school curriculum reform.

China has a consistent teacher development system. Teaching has historically been and remains today a highly respected profession in China. Teachers have strong preparation in their subject matter and prospective teachers spend a great deal of time observing the classrooms of experienced teachers, often in schools attached to their universities. Once teachers are employed in school, there is a system of induction and continuous professional development in which groups of teachers work together with master teachers on lesson plans and improvement.

History of Education in China
Many Chinese scholars believe the history of education in China can be traced back at as far as the 16th century BC. Throughout this period of time, education was the privilege of the elites. Confucianism probably is the biggest influence in history of education in China.

Traditional Chinese Medicine
Traditional Chinese Medicine has made great contribution to the health of Chinese people for thousands years, and it became an independent medical system in world medical field with its special clinical effect, rational theory system and rich practice experience.

Project 211 and 985
Project 211 is the Chinese government’s new endeavor aimed at strengthening about 100 universities and key disciplinary areas as a national priority for the 21st century. Project 985 is a constructive project for founding world-class universities in the 21st century.

Education Law of the People’s Republic of China
Adopted at the third session of the eighth National People’s Congress, promulgated by Order No.45 of the President of the People’s Republic of China on March 18, 1995 and effective as of September 1, 1995.